The Birth Of The Underwater Photographic Society
by Zale Parry
Photographers we were.
Underwater photographers we wanted to be.
It was discouraging to tell your best diving stories and no one believed you. “Oh sure, what a yarn of wool,” people would say.
Topside photographers already had their own handmade Plexiglas or metal waterproof camera housings by the turn of the 1950 era. To name a few, they were Lamar Boren, Mart Toggweiler, Parry Bivens, Homer Lockwood, Rory Page, Chuck Blakeslee, Jim Auxier, Dr. Nelson “Doc” Mathison and so many more divers.
By 1954, Zale Parry was waiting for the delivery of her Rolleimarin. She ordered it with the winnings she earned on Groucho Marx's TV show, “You Bet Your Life”. What a thrill to finally take a camera underwater! The order included a Rolleiflex camera with a 3.5 lens since her Ciroflex 2.8 lens (similar to Rolleiflex) didn’t fit that miracle Rolleimarin housing. However, color was expensive. So be it...black and white film with twelve exposures to a roll was the way to go. Ah, bring back the sights! By 1955, Al Tillamook had Earl Shugarman, Executive Field Service Manager with Sportsways, Inc., design and manufacture a Plexiglas housing for his 16mm electric eye movie camera ready to use.
With a coterie of acquaintances, many by this short time, having homemade camera housings and lights to add to their diving gear, it was time for a gathering. Al Tillman, Earl Shugarman and Zale Parry met to propose a club so that everyone interested could get their underwater pictures out of shoe boxes and dresser drawers to share underwater treasured stuff and experiences. It would be a show-and-tell sort of club. Later a healthy, educational competition ensued.
By way of an announcement, calling a gathering of all underwater photographers of the Los Angeles area, in the August 1957 issue of Skin diver Magazine, The Underwater Photographic Society gave birth to its first chapter in Los Angeles with a meeting in September 1957.
We met in a Los Angeles Parks and Recreation facility or a member’s home once a month. Later, member Ed Nelson generously offered a meeting room at the Union ice House in downtown Los Angeles where we met regularly. Zale put the newsletter together for a number of years. Postage was a mere pittance then to send a one page goodie letter. The response was wonderful.
The first gathering had good attendance, eager enthusiastic members who inspired each other with housing, photos and angles of lights. It was all fun. Al Tillman was the “write man,” “the idea guy” and “the leader”. Together we had been through numerous diving experiences and events. Most often we’d meet at Zale’s house, which was filled with diving memorabilia and medical books from husband Parry’s studies to become a doctor, to brainstorm the new club’s thoughts and directions. Boat trips were scheduled thoughtout the year. The gathered members were mutually happy underwater wanderers and photographers.
Several sample designs were submitted by artistic club members for the Underwater Photographic Society logo. Again, we were at Zale’s house at the kitchen table. Norman Robinson remembers cutting fish shapes out of construction paper to make a design. Bob Figueroa’s creation was chosen. It’s a beauty that says our name with clarity and simplicity. It is still used today...the camera with the fishes; the colors are blue, red and black. The word UNDERWATER is inscribed on the forehead of the camera. The words PHOTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY ride the lower circle of the patch-design. One fish appears at ten o’clock heading toward the east; one fish at nine o’clock heading toward the west; the last fish is at six o’clock swimming east. Impressive!
The Society’s first big flash happened very fortunately in December 1957 with a great staff of workers. It was a big undertaking for such a fledgling group to put on a film festival. It was not just an ordinary show-and-tell festival but one that mimicked the extravaganza of Cannes or Venice festivals with our venue of underwater photography. Fortunately, we had the backing of Skin Diver Magazine and the Los Angeles County Parks and Recreation Underwater Section. The festival was put on for some two hundred and fifty people in a West Hollywood Parks and Recreation facility. Al Tilman called it, “...one step above a neighborhood talent show,” but it inspired new dreams. Few of the organizers and attendees of that first festival put on by the Underwater Photographic Society felt the hardness of the metal folding chairs or were annoyed by the neon sign blinking through the torn drapery on the side window. The Society and this festival were happenings that promised important achievement in the future.
The Society's purposes were: to exchange knowledge and information, to promote underwater photography, to provide practical group activity, to assist members in purchasing, maintenance and processing of photography supplies, to offer training experiences, to provide for display, recognition, and evaluation of members' efforts, to study advanced techniques and equipment.
The Charter Membership of the Society was: Al Tillman, Earl Shugarman, Zale Parry, Dick Bartlett, Bill Jeffs, Lillian Kemble, Bill Lynn, Virgil Mirano, Gene Waldo, Mike Allen, Walt Nash, Manuel Noval, Karl Remmen, Ed White, Sandra McCandliss, Mart Toggweiler, Leon Paddock, Arnold Shugarman, Anna Saudek, Dr. Charles Frankel, Mike Mirano, Ken Tillman, Dick Bartlett Jr., Jim Auxier, Joe Marshall and Ralph Davis. Earl Shugarman was elected the first President.
By 1958 the membership included: Clare Bishop, Glen Fellion, Mike Fellion, Mel Fisher, Jim Havens, Homer Lockwood, Dr. William Lynn, Dr. Nelson "Doc" Mathison, Gary Metcalf, Paul McComack, Maynard Muting, Ted Puekert, Frank Rayle, Fred Roberts, Norman Robinson, H. Ralph Snyder Jr, Peggy Strauch, Ken Taylor, and Babs Jones. "Doc" Mathison became the second President; then Al Tillman was nominated as the third President, and by 1960 Zale Parry held the gavel as President.
In 1961 President Norman Robinson took the helm. With his direction the Underwater Photographic Society conducted its First Annual National Underwater Photographic Exhibitions sponsored by The Underwater Photographic Society, Los Angeles State College and Skin Diver Magazine.It was held in conjunction with the Fourth International Underwater Film Festival. Norm Robinson had the position as UPS Historian, too and remains active in that post to the present day.
The Society flourished with film shots, meetings, projects and a special shooting assignment for Life Magazine. Al Tillman and Zale Parry became co-producers/directors of the Underwater Film Festivals and devoted a great deal of time and energy to this specific project. It brought prestige and dignity to the Underwater Photographic Society, so much so, that by the third year the Festival went world-wide as an International event.
The honors for outstanding underwater photography in 1957 went to: Jack McNeal for his 35MM color transparencies "A Close Look At The Bottom"; Ed White, Roger Hess and Earl Shugarman as a joint project of an 8MM movie "Browsing Below"; Martin Toggweiller for his 16MM movie "Techniques Of Skin Diving"; Leon Paddock for his 16MM movie "Wrecks On The Andros Reef"; Mel Fisher for his 16MM movie "Life In The Sea"; Dr. Nelson Mathison for his 35MM movie "Caribbean Expedition". The Underwater Photographer Of The Year Award was given to Captain Jacque Yves Cousteau, in absentia, for his numerous contributions including The Silent World.
For the 1958 venue, the Los Angeles State College was the place for the Underwater Photographic Society's competitions and review of the outstanding commercial films from ten o'clock in the morning until four o'clock. The evening's Underwater Film Festival began at seven o'clock with the following special screening of The Trophy Winners from the competitions. They were Jack McNeal, Dan Ryan, Bob Figueroa, and Courtney Brown (Sea Hunt's Mike Nelson’s double). Films and slides for the seven o'clock evening production were by Nan and Conrad Limbaugh, Ernest Brooks, Jon Hall and The Outstanding Underwater Photographer Of The Year Award went to Lamar Boren for his work with Sea Hunt, the television series.
By 1960, the Festival became more exciting. Dr. Hans Hass flew in from Germany to accept his honor as The Underwater Photographer Of The Year. Other honorees included Dr. Wheeler North, Dr. Willis Pequegnat, Ron Church, Peter Stackpole (Life Magazine), Carl Shipek, Don Ollis, and Peter Gimbel. The Competitions were categorized as 'open' for film or slides and 'novice' for film or slides.
The International Underwater Film Festivals in conjunction with the Underwater Photographic Society continued for seventeen years. Those gatherings engraved and sealed golden friends forever.
The future continues to remain bright on the horizon for the Underwater Photographic Society with its tremendous growth, new chapters and fascinating underwater discoveries. It's the era of underwater photographers with new innovations of camera, film, video and ever changing mega-pixeled digital photographic techniques. They travel around the planet to exotic critter sites, some still unreachable, unknown, ready to be uncovered. After all, the birthing days are over. We're all polished with the latest, high performance underwater equipment and celebrating the Underwater Photographic Society's forty-seventh year. Bless underwater photography. It gave us credibility, praise and applause!
Links to other Underwater Photographic Societies:
- California: Orange County Underwater Photographic Society
- California: San Diego Underwater Photographic Society
- California: Northern California Underwater Photographic Society
- California: Monterey Peninsula Underwater Photographers
- Colorado: Colorado Underwater Photographic Society
- Florida: South Florida Underwater Photographic Society
- Hawaii: Hawaii Underwater Photographic Society
- Hawaii: Kona Underwater Photographic Society
- Massachusetts: Massachusetts Underwater Photographic Society
- Texas: Dallas Underwater Photographic Society
- Texas: Houston Underwater Photographic Society
- Texas: Central Texas Underwater Photographic Society
- Underwater British Columbia Photographic Society
- Western Australian Underwater Photographic Society
- Northern Underwater Photography Group (UK)
- British Society of Underwater Photographers
- Photosub Underwater Photography Club (UK)
- Royal Photographic Society
- Young Underwater Photographers (UK)
Photos of the author, Zale Parry: